ToR for the facilitator of focus groups with professionals involved in the areas of prevention of THB and GBV and protection of victims in Serbia

ToR for the facilitator of focus groups with professionals involved in the areas of prevention of THB and GBV and protection of victims in Serbia

Published on May 16, 2023 by Atina – Citizens' Association for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and All Forms of Violence against Women (i.e., NGO Atina)

The project BRIDGE – Stepping forward in the protection of women and girls in Kosovo*[1] and Serbia is supported by the European Commission. This project is being implemented by NGO Atina from Belgrade and the Centre for Protection of Victims and Prevention of Trafficking in Human Beings (PVPT) from Priština. The action’s design is based on a rising need in the work of both organisations and encompasses border entities in both countries to adequately respond to the needs of (potential) victims of Trafficking in Human Beings (hereinafter: THB) and gender-based violence (hereinafter: GBV), among the domicile and migrant population, especially women and children.


The process of normalisation of relations between Serbia and Kosovo has a deep impact on citizens on both sides. It should lead to a better quality of life in political, economic, social and cultural spheres and facilitate the process toward the accession to the EU. However, the best interests of citizens are often neglected for the benefit of political structures, therefore it is necessary to create spaces where citizens themselves have the possibility to map problems and work together on their resolution. Both PVPT and Atina witnessed the necessity to establish mechanisms of cooperation between two sides in order to adequately respond to the problem of THB and related GBV and provision of efficient support to victims. A coordinated cooperation between specialised CSOs and other stakeholders mandated to combat THB and related GBV is necessary to enable better monitoring and identifying potential victims.

Due to the lack of cooperation between institutions, Kosovo citizens identified as victims in Serbia and Serbian citizens identified as victims in Kosovo cannot resolve key issues important for their recovery and reintegration – from reporting what happened to them, resolving legal status, to accessing available services. This action also includes raising the capacities of community based CSOs for cross border cooperation and establishing an inter-cultural cooperation between young people around the THB and related GBV prevention.

Both organisations operate as of early 2000s and are licensed in providing services for survivors. NGO Atina has been working for decades on the protection of victims and advocating for the systemic changes necessary to improve the position of vulnerable groups in the country. The specificity of Atina’s long-term social inclusion programme lies in the effort to provide support in a comprehensive and systematic way, with active involvement of state institutions and full participation of beneficiaries themselves, so that the assistance system becomes a viable solution for full recovery and reintegration.

The Center for Protection of Victims and Prevention of Trafficking in Human Beings (PVPT) is a local non-governmental organisation from Priština, Kosovo, which works in the field of combating human trafficking as of 2000. PVPT accomplishes its mission through a multi-disciplinary approach in two pillars: Direct Assistance (Rehabilitation and Long-term Reintegration) and Prevention. PVPT Center is a member of the National Anti-Trafficking Authority in Kosovo, Child Protection Coalition, Kosovo Women Network, and Local Task Force.


Although the anti-trafficking legislative frameworks are in place in Serbia and Kosovo, complex political processes are hindering adequate response and cooperation between relevant stakeholders. The aim of the action is to initiate a process of cooperation in the area where that cooperation is very much needed – combating THB and related GBV and protection of victims. To do so, the action proposes documenting evidence through comparative analyses of legislations and practice, and mapping gaps that need to be improved. The action includes raising capacities of community based CSOs in facilitating cross-border cooperation. The cooperation would be instigated through two-day training sessions, and study visits between stakeholders in Serbia and Kosovo, which would ensure practical insight in their operations in both countries. This process will be used to refine the needs and proposed recommendations that will further enhance the response to GBV and THB, but also to establish Cross Border Network as a sustainable structure to support future actions in this area.

Bearing in mind all these circumstances, it is necessary to conduct research activities that will be interrelated, build upon each other, and result in one comprehensive comparative analysis of the current legislation and practices in combating human trafficking in Serbia and Kosovo*, with a special emphasis on mapping the gaps in current mechanisms complemented by analyses of paradigmatic case studies.

In the framework of these research activities, relevant legislation will be analysed through a desk research, as well as findings from the focus groups with relevant actors in both Serbia and Kosovo*. This research will serve to design further steps and recommendations for referral mechanisms between Serbia and Kosovo*. To help carry out the process, two focus group facilitators will be selected and engaged, one in Serbia and one in Kosovo*.


To properly map and assess the existing assistance and related practices in provision of assistance, but also weakness, discrepancy, and obstacles that professionals involved in the area face, a wide consultation process with these professionals will be performed. This will verify the findings of the desk research and provide better insight into why specific measures are not implemented in practice. It will also indicate which specific additional forms of support professionals require to better respond to the needs of the victims and potential victims. Within this activity, two facilitators, in Serbia and Kosovo* each, will conduct a total of 10 focus groups with at least 40 professionals. Focus groups will investigate existing assistance mechanisms, management of cases, problems the professionals face in their everyday work, as well as shortcomings of the system to recognise and respond appropriately to the needs of (potential) victims. The criteria for selection of participants will be involvement in the areas of prevention of THB and GBV, and protection of victims. The participants will be selected from four stakeholder clusters to ensure equal participation of all relevant professionals. An effort will be made to ensure equal representation of women and men.

The external experts engaged in the research activities will provide inputs for selection of focus groups’ participants, and the instruments and tools for data collection (guidelines for focus groups with professionals, format for data compilation and analysis).

The engaged facilitator in Serbia will be responsible for the following:

  • preparation for the focus group interviews, in close cooperation with the external expert and the project team; becoming familiar with the instruments and tools for data collection, and with the focus group methodology;
  • carrying out 5 focus groups with at least 20 professionals involved in the areas of prevention of THB and GBV, and protection of victims;
  • compiling the findings of the focus groups in reports to be shared with the external expert and the project team.

Coordination meetings of the project team, external expert, and focus groups’ facilitator will be organised on a regular basis for the purpose of securing continuous flow of information, follow-up on performed activities, accurate planning of activities, identifying possible challenges and setbacks and taking appropriate prevention actions. Regular meetings will ensure efficient progress and performance of the activities and timely response to identified challenges.

The tasks are to be carried out within the Work Package 2 – Research activities, envisaged for the first year of the project implementation.

Implementation of the focus group interviews should last from July until September 2023.




01/07/2023 – 15/07/2023


Preparation for the focus group interviews; becoming familiar with the instruments and tools for data collection, and with the focus group methodology;

15/07/2023 – 31/08/2023

Carrying out 5 focus groups with at least 20 professionals involved in the areas of prevention of THB and GBV, and protection of victims;

01/08/2023 – 15/09/2023

Compiling draft focus group reports;

15/09/2023 – 30/09/2023

Compiling final version of the focus groups report in line with comments and suggestions provided by the external expert and the project team.



NGO Atina will negotiate a number of days of engagement with the selected facilitator on the basis of the financial offer (gross amount) that will classify the following:



Activity description


Rate per day


Activity 1





Activity 2





Activity 3





Activity 4





Activity 5





*Add columns as needed depending on the number of activities needed to perform the assignment

            Subtotal                                               EUR__________

            Other costs (specify)                           EUR__________

            TOTAL                                                EUR__________

The total cost should cover all preparatory work regarding the job description, and communication costs between the Project team, expert and organizations (e-mail, telephone, fax, mail).


The interested facilitators should develop and submit the bidding proposal in the English language to respond to above mentioned specific tasks no later than June 16, 2023. The bidding proposal should include:

1. Description and contact details of the expert applying;

2. A detailed Budget Proposal (in the required form);

3. CV of expert involved emphasizing only relevant experience;

4. Past performance in similar areas of an expert applying, with reference to previous contracting agencies.


The project team will make a decision on the selection of the most successful bidder, subject to the available budget, on the following four criteria:

  • University degree in the relevant field;
  • A minimum of 5 years of relevant experience;
  • Experience of the candidate in performing similar projects or programs;
  • An example of previous work as a reference of previous experience is desirable.


All bids need to be submitted no later than June 16, 2023, at 5 PM in electronic version, to the email

A selection will be made no later than June 23, 2023, and the selected consultant will be contracted no later than June 27, 2023. Only the selected candidate will be informed.



[1] All references to Kosovo, whether the territory, institutions or population, shall be understood in full compliance with United Nations' Security Council Resolution 1244 and without prejudice to the status of Kosovo.